Courts in Arizona Attack Truancy through Legal Action

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Cutting class in high school, for many teens, may seem like a rite of passage. Once they get through all the work of elementary school and junior high, the concept of playing hooky “just because” has a great appeal – and, when done once or twice, it’s not a huge problem. However, the once or twice maxim is rarely the case. Instead, truancy seems to be a growing issue for many high schools and junior highs throughout the country. This is a problem that needs to be addressed more seriously, as one Arizona court has brought to the forefront.

Maricopa County judge, Dan Dodge recently held a hearing last spring for 79 truant students and their parents in the Mesa School District. Though their excuses varied from insomnia to an aversion to high school “drama,” the message to each was the same: shape up or face criminal misdemeanor charges.

Mesa’s Groundbreaking Policy

The Mesa School district, located just east of Phoenix, is the largest in the state, and also the toughest on truants. The district’s truancy policy is tough and unforgiving:

When a student has five (5) or more unexcused or excessive (18 or more) excused absences, the student will be cited to the Juvenile Court in Maricopa County. Both a parent/guardian and the student will be expected to appear at the hearing. Consequences will be issued at the hearing as well as an assessment fee for the parent/guardian. Failure to complete the consequences issued, may result in the prosecution of the student at the Juvenile Court and/or the parent/guardian being cited to City Court for violation of a misdemeanor offense. Sentencing for an adult convicted of a misdemeanor offense may include a large fine and/or jail time.

In addition to these harsh rules, the district employs nine security officers charged with upholding this truancy policy. The officers are sworn members of law enforcement, carry pepper spray and are trained in the proper ways to detain loitering and truant students until local police arrive.

Why Addressing Truancy Is So Important

Other districts in the area, such as Peoria, to the north of Phoenix, are similarly concerned with the problems that truancy presents. However, their means are not nearly as extreme. The districts “Sweeps” program requires students to explain absences to teachers, encouraging accountability for their actions. This raises the question as to the utility of such policies as well as their justification. On that front, Mesa’s extreme measures seem to be in the right vein.

Experts in juvenile crime and delinquency often cite truancy as an important forbearer to future problems. With its obvious association with dropout rates aside, students with a history of truancy are far more likely to engage in criminal behavior which includes gang activity (a problem rampant in Mesa), vandalism, drug use and burglary among others. As well, truant students often congregate in empty homes, leading to a negative strength in numbers.

Bottom Line: It Works

Though the truancy policy in Mesa seems a bit over-the-top at first, its success rates cannot be denied. Last year, 71% of the students cited by Maricopa County court returned to school without an issue, and only 12 of the students addressed in Dodge’s court continued to have problems a year later. The fact is, when school and law enforcement officials take the time to address truancy problems, most students (and parents) immediately take steps towards reform.

In addition, those students experiencing problems with “drama” (high school code for bullying) are offered the support that they need once their problems are out in the open. Switching classes or schools can often make the difference between truancy leading to dropping out and success in the remainder of high school.

Do you feel that the measures taken by Mesa Public Schools to address truancy are too extreme?

About AD Midd

AD is a college writing teacher whose work experience includes everything from coordinating YMCA after-school programs for at-risk youth to tutoring developmental writing students to general classroom instruction. In addition to writing professionally, AD currently teaches a range of adult community college students in both online and physical classroom settings. At home, she keeps in shape by running after her two young daughters. Follow her on Twitter @ADMidd and on Facebook (

3 thoughts on “Courts in Arizona Attack Truancy through Legal Action

  1. Although at first glance this policy may seem extreme, it does appear to be working. However, I am not sure how it would work in a small school district where we do not have the choice of changing schools. We would have to be more creative with the school “drama” piece and look to the community for ideas to help alleviate some of that I would think. Many school districts in the North East are smaller and don’t have those choices. If anyone has any ideas I would love to hear them. On the whole though I love the truancy idea.

    • Thanks for your input Jnorris. I agree, I live in NY state and can see a similar problem in my home district. The idea that skipping school (before age 16) is ILLEGAL should be stressed to both children and parents, which is what Mesa is doing here…

  2. Yes the truancy laws to some extent are great, however I feel like the schools and their teachers should be looked at closer also before so quickly ruling them out and blaming the student and his parent(s) entirely. Teachers these days can be very catty with their remarks and their behavior towards “singled out” students can be down right appalling…. I’m not saying I could do any better, the difference is I have not decided to make teaching MY career choice, they have.

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